Paper options are classified by weight, coating, and finish. All papers are manufactured with a weight and a coating, while finishes are applied after printing.
Paper weight is the thickness of a chosen paper stock, stated as a number and a category.
(e.g. 85lb text, 12pt cover)
Paper coating is the chemical coating applied to a paper during the manufacturing process.
(e.g. coated gloss, coated matte, uncoated)
Paper finish is applied to a finished printed product to seal in the ink and increase durability, stated as a finish style and type. Finishes are usually only applied to cover pages.
(e.g. gloss lamination, matte varnish, UV varnish).